La trace du fleuve

Titre : La trace du fleuve
Auteur : Isabelle Backouche
Éditeur : EHESS
ISBN-13 : 2713213517
Libération : 2000-01-01

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Si la Seine a une forte présence imaginaire, les Parisiens d'aujourd'hui se montrent relativement indifférents à l'égard de ses berges, pourtant classées patrimoine mondial depuis 1992. Au 18 siècle, à l'inverse, les rôles du fleuve dans la ville apparaissent étonnament divers : tout à la fois espace partagé, espace contesté et espace remodelé, le fleuve a pesé d'un poids déterminant dans l'évolution de la vie urbaine. Cependant, au tournant des 18e et 19e siècles, la Seine s'écarte de cette vocation pour devenir une voie de navigation nationale, de plus en plus étrangère à la capitale, un fleuve monumental et désincarné. La Seine offre ainsi un fécond terrain d'expérimentation pour comprendre le devenir urbain et les relations mouvantes de l'homme et de la ville, objet d'analyse de l'ouvrage.

Paris Under Water

Titre : Paris Under Water
Auteur : Jeffrey H. Jackson
Éditeur : St. Martin's Press
ISBN-13 : 023010231X
Libération : 2010-01-05

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In the winter of 1910, the river that brought life to Paris quickly became a force of destruction. Torrential rainfall saturated the soil, and faulty engineering created a perfect storm of conditions that soon drowned Parisian streets, homes, businesses, and museums. The city seemed to have lost its battle with the elements. Given the Parisians' history of deep-seated social, religious, and political strife, it was questionable whether they could collaborate to confront the crisis. Yet while the sewers, Métro, and electricity failed around them, Parisians of all backgrounds rallied to save the city and one another. Improvising techniques to keep Paris functioning and braving the dangers of collapsing infrastructure and looters, leaders and residents alike answered the call to action. This newfound ability to work together proved a crucial rehearsal for an even graver crisis four years later, when France was plunged into World War I. On the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the flood, Jeffrey H. Jackson captures here for the first time the drama and ultimate victory of man over nature.

Constructing Paris in the Age of Revolution

Titre : Constructing Paris in the Age of Revolution
Auteur : A. Potofsky
Éditeur : Springer
ISBN-13 : 9780230245280
Libération : 2009-10-29

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Examining the social and political history of workers and entrepreneurs engaged in constructing the French capital from 1763-1815, this book argues that Paris construction was a core sector in which 'archaic' and 'innovative' practices were symbiotically used by guilds, the state, and enterprises to launch the commercial revolution in France.

Planning Paris Before Haussmann

Titre : Planning Paris Before Haussmann
Auteur : Nicholas Papayanis
Éditeur : JHU Press
ISBN-13 : 0801879302
Libération : 2004-10-13

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Long before Baron Haussmann remade Paris, several generations of intellectuals, planners, architects, engineers, and politicians envisioned a radical transformation of medieval Paris into a modern city that would be beautiful, rational, sanitary, and responsive to the needs of commerce and industry. Historian Nicholas Papayanis examines the emergence and evolution of modern urban planning in Paris between the end of the eighteenth and the middle of the nineteenth century, focusing on the principles and concerns that informed competing plans for the city. Papayanis examines three major planning traditions in this period: functionalist, Saint-Simonian, and Fourierist. The latter two drew their inspiration from the utopian-socialist philosophers, while the former comprised practical proposals by civil engineers and administrators. Regardless of their perspective, the thinkers within each tradition critiqued the disorder, inefficiency, and social misery of Paris as it was, imagining a new city that balanced commerce, public health and safety, circulation, and social order. Ultimately, Papayanis finds, this vision of the modern industrial and commercial city lent itself to the creation of a hegemonic order that suited the demands of the state, capitalism, and the middle-class urbanite, often at the expense of other interests. Planning Paris before Haussmann uncovers the intellectual ferment about city planning and urban reform that constituted a powerful intellectual and theoretical foundation for Haussmannization and for modern urban planning.

Rivers Lost Rivers Regained

Titre : Rivers Lost Rivers Regained
Auteur : Martin Knoll
Éditeur : University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN-13 : 9780822981596
Libération : 2017-05-31

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Many cities across the globe are rediscovering their rivers. After decades or even centuries of environmental decline and cultural neglect, waterfronts have been vamped up and become focal points of urban life again; hidden and covered streams have been daylighted while restoration projects have returned urban rivers in many places to a supposedly more natural state. This volume traces the complex and winding history of how cities have appropriated, lost, and regained their rivers. But rather than telling a linear story of progress, the chapters of this book highlight the ambivalence of these developments. The four sections in Rivers Lost, Rivers Regained discuss how cities have gained control and exerted power over rivers and waterways far upstream and downstream; how rivers and floodplains in cityscapes have been transformed by urbanization and industrialization; how urban rivers have been represented in cultural manifestations, such as novels and songs; and how more recent strategies work to redefine and recreate the place of the river within the urban setting. At the nexus between environmental, urban, and water histories, Rivers Lost, Rivers Regained points out how the urban-river relationship can serve as a prime vantage point to analyze fundamental issues of modern environmental attitudes and practices.

Ecologies and Economies in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Titre : Ecologies and Economies in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
Auteur : Scott G. Bruce
Éditeur : BRILL
ISBN-13 : 9789004180079
Libération : 2010

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This book presents essays on current research in medieval and early modern environmental history by historians and social scientists in honor of Richard C. Hoffmann.

The Landscape of Consumption

Titre : The Landscape of Consumption
Auteur : Clé Lesger
Éditeur : Springer
ISBN-13 : 9781137314062
Libération : 2014-04-29

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This volume brings together research on retailing, shopping and urban space; themes that have attracted wide interest in recent decades. The authors argue that the 'modernity' of the nineteenth century is often over-emphasised at the expense of recognising earlier innovation.

The Making of Revolutionary Paris

Titre : The Making of Revolutionary Paris
Auteur : David Garrioch
Éditeur : Univ of California Press
ISBN-13 : 9780520243279
Libération : 2004-08-16

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The evolution of Paris as a "revolutionary" city is traced here, with details of the economic, political, and social changes that made the city a seedbed for social foment in the eighteenth century. (HIstory)

The Afterlife of Used Things

Titre : The Afterlife of Used Things
Auteur : Ariane Fennetaux
Éditeur : Routledge
ISBN-13 : 9781317744986
Libération : 2014-10-03

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Recycling is not a concept that is usually applied to the eighteenth century. “The environment” may not have existed as a notion then, yet practices of re-use and transformation obviously shaped the early-modern world. Still, this period of booming commerce and exchange was also marked by scarcity and want. This book reveals the fascinating variety and ingenuity of recycling processes that may be observed in the commerce, crafts, literature, and medicine of the eighteenth century. Recycling is used as a thought-provoking means to revisit subjects such as consumption, the new science, or novel writing, and cast them in a new light where the waste of some becomes the luxury of others, clothes worn to rags are turned into paper and into books, and scientific breakthroughs are carried out in old kitchen pans.

Confluence

Titre : Confluence
Auteur : Sara B. Pritchard
Éditeur : Harvard University Press
ISBN-13 : 9780674049659
Libération : 2011

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Sara B. Pritchard traces the Rhône’s remaking since 1945, showing how state officials, technical elites, and citizens connected the environment and technology to political identities and state-building, and demonstrating the importance of environmental management and technological development to the culture and politics of modern France.