Poverty in a Rising Africa
Perceptions of Africa have changed dramatically. Viewed as a continent of wars, famines and entrenched poverty in the late 1990s, there is now a focus on “Africa rising†? and an “African 21st century.†? Two decades of unprecedented economic growth in Africa should have brought substantial improvements in well-being. Whether or not they did, remains unclear given the poor quality of the data, the nature of the growth process (especially the role of natural resources), conflicts that affect part of the region, and high population growth. Poverty in a Rising Africa documents the data challenges and systematically reviews the evidence on poverty from monetary and nonmonetary perspectives, as well as a focus on dimensions of inequality. Chapter 1 maps out the availability and quality of the data needed to track monetary poverty, reflects on the governance and political processes that underpin the current situation with respect to data production, and describes some approaches to addressing the data gaps. Chapter 2 evaluates the robustness of the estimates of poverty in Africa. It concludes that poverty reduction in Africa may be slightly greater than traditional estimates suggest, although even the most optimistic estimates of poverty reduction imply that more people lived in poverty in 2012 than in 1990. A broad-stroke profile of poverty and trends in poverty in the region is presented. Chapter 3 broadens the view of poverty by considering nonmonetary dimensions of well-being, such as education, health, and freedom, using Sen's (1985) capabilities and functioning approach. While progress has been made in a number of these areas, levels remain stubbornly low. Chapter 4 reviews the evidence on inequality in Africa. It looks not only at patterns of monetary inequality in Africa but also other dimensions, including inequality of opportunity, intergenerational mobility in occupation and education, and extreme wealth in Africa.
Le djihad histoire secr te des hommes et des r seaux en Europe
Les attentats du 11 septembre 2001 avaient stupéfié et horrifié le monde. Celui de Madrid, le 11 mars 2004, a brutalement mis au jour la menace qui pèse sur l'Europe, mais qu'elle refuse trop souvent de voir. Pour les islamistes radicaux, il n'y a pas de sanctuaire. Le terrorisme, global de ce nouveau millénaire a pris des formes inédites. Une mouvance internationale, unie par la haine de l'Occident et de la démocratie, s'est formée autour d'Oussama Ben Laden. Malgré les interventions internationales en Afghanistan et en Irak, malgré des centaines d'arrestations et les dizaines de réseaux démantelés à travers le monde depuis 2001, la mouvance du djihâd est en pleine croissance. Quel est le profil type du djihadiste européen ? Comment est-il recruté et formé ? Quels liens tissent entre eux les différents groupes de la mouvance islamiste ? Comment s'implantent-ils en Europe et dans le monde ? De quelles complicités bénéficient-ils ? Quels sont leurs moyens financiers ? Quels attentats les islamistes préparent-ils ? Les menaces d'attaques majeures bio-bactériologiques, voire nucléaires, sont-elles crédibles ? À toutes ces interrogations Claude Moniquet apporte des réponses édifiantes, mais aussi inquiétantes, fondées sur plusieurs années d'enquêtes et des analyses inédites.
The Evolution of the Global Terrorist Threat
Bruce Hoffman A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de The Evolution of the Global Terrorist Threat Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Revolution in History
Fifteen contributors examine the interpretative value of ideas of revolution for explaining historical development within their own speciality. They assess the existing historiography and offer their personal views.
The World America Made
What would the world look like if America were to reduce its role as a global leader in order to focus all its energies on solving its problems at home? And is America really in decline? Robert Kagan, New York Times best-selling author and one of the country’s most influential strategic thinkers, paints a vivid, alarming picture of what the world might look like if the United States were truly to let its influence wane. Although Kagan asserts that much of the current pessimism is misplaced, he warns that if America were indeed to commit “preemptive superpower suicide,” the world would see the return of war among rising nations as they jostle for power; the retreat of democracy around the world as Vladimir Putin’s Russia and authoritarian China acquire more clout; and the weakening of the global free-market economy, which the United States created and has supported for more than sixty years. We’ve seen this before—in the breakdown of the Roman Empire and the collapse of the European order in World War I. Potent, incisive, and engaging, The World America Made is a reminder that the American world order is worth preserving, and America dare not decline.
France and the New Imperialism
The role of French security policy and cooperation in Africa has long been recognized as a critically important factor in African politics and international relations. This book investigates whether French involvement in Africa is really in the interest of Africans and offers a sophisticated understanding of critical security studies.
Prevention of Armed Conflict
Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, has pledged to move the United Nations from a culture of reaction to a culture of prevention. Realizing that it is far better and more cost-effective to prevent violent conflicts than to cure them, the Secretary-General has undertaken a review of practical actions that have been and are being taken within the United Nations to prevent conflict. This report looks at the progress that has been achieved in developing the conflict prevention capacity of the United Nations. It also provides recommendations on how efforts of the United Nations system in this field could be further enhanced, with the cooperation and active involvement of Member States, who ultimately have primary responsibility for conflict prevention. This report stresses that conflict prevention lies at the heart of the mandate of the United Nations in the maintenance of international peace and security, and that a general consensus is emerging among Member States that comprehensive and coherent conflict prevention strategies offer the greatest potential for promoting lasting peace.
Glued to Games
With video game sales in the billions and anxious concerns about their long-term effects growing louder, "Glued to Games: How Video Games Draw Us In and Hold Us Spellbound" brings something new to the discussion. It is the first truly balanced research-based analysis on the games and gamers, addressing both the positive and negative aspects of habitual playing by drawing on significant recent studies and established motivational theory. Filled with examples from popular games and the real experiences of gamers themselves, "Glued to Games" gets to the heart of gaming's powerful psychological and emotional allure--the benefits as well as the dangers. It gives everyone from researchers to parents to gamers themselves a clearer understanding the psychology of gaming, while offering prescriptions for healthier, more enjoyable games and gaming experiences.
Reflections on Empire
This new book from Antonio Negri, one of the most influential political thinkers writing today, provides a concise and accessible introduction to the key ideas of his recent work. Giving the reader a sense of the wider context in which Negri has developed the ideas that have become so central to current debates, the book is made up of five lectures which address a series of topics that are dealt with in his world-famous books empire, globalization, multitude, sovereignty, democracy. Reflections on Empire will appeal to anyone interested in current debates about the ways in which the world is changing today, to the many people who are followers of Negri's work and to students and scholars in sociology, politics and cultural studies.
Plan of Attack
Award-winning journalist Bob Woodward has spent over thirty years in Washington's corridors of power. In All the President's Men it was he, together with Carl Bernstein, who exposed the Watergate scandal and he has been giving us a privileged front-row seat to White-House intrigue and decision-making ever since. With PLAN OF ATTACK he brings his investigative skills to bear on the administration of George W. Bush, and the build-up to war in Iraq. What emerges is a fascinating and intimate portrait of the leading powers in Bush's war council and their allies overseas as they prepare their pre-emptive attack and change the course of history.