Individualisme et crise des institutions
Ce manuel a été spécialement conçu : - pour les candidats aux concours administratifs, les étudiants des classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles de commerce et aux Instituts d'études politiques, - pour tous ceux qui doivent rédiger une dissertation de culture générale imposant une réflexion sur les évolutions du monde contemporain, - et d'une façon plus générale pour tous ceux qui souhaitent réfléchir aux problèmes essentiels des sociétés modernes. Les huit chapitres de ce volume centrés sur le thème de l'individualisme et de la crise des institutions ont été conçus de façon à fournir au lecteur un parcours raisonné lui permettant de disposer à la fois des éléments méthodologiques (présentations sous la forme de plans, exemples de dissertations rédigées...) et de réflexion (exposés synthétiques mettant en lumière les principales données factuelles et les problématiques dominantes, indications bibliographiques...) recoupant l'essentiel des questions abordées par les jurys de concours. Huit chapitres complémentaires portant sur la mondialisation et la mobilité sociale, l'identité nationale, la nature, l'éthique, les inégalités, le travail, la pauvreté et la vieillesse sont regroupés dans un second volume publié dans la même collection sous le titre : Culture générale : Une société d'exclusion ?
Lexique de culture g n rale
Il suffit d’un mot... un seul mot et le sens de l’énoncé s’échappe ; un seul mot, au contraire, et les enjeux du sujet deviennent clairs. Ce mot, encore faut-il le connaître, l’apprécier exactement, en saisir les effets multiples de signification, sentir sa connotation. C’est donc pour aider à ce premier pas dans la composition d’une dissertation d’un exposé oral ou d’un commentaire que ce petit lexique trouve sa raison d’être. Il rappelle comment d’une étymologie, des circonstances particulières d’un néologisme, commence à se déplier le sens d’un mot d’usage, usé déjà sans qu’on y prenne garde. Éric Cobast, à partir des difficultés rencontrées par ses étudiants, a conçu ce lexique d’un maniement simple et que chacun peut mémoriser aisément. Ce petit « outil » n’a d’autre ambition que de servir et d’engager la réflexion.
The Crisis of the Modern World
It is no longer news that the Western world is in a crisis, a crisis that has spread far beyond its point of origin and become global in nature. In 1927, Reni Guinon responded to this crisis with the closest thing he ever wrote to a manifesto and 'call-to-action'. The Crisis of the Modern World was his most direct and complete application of traditional metaphysical principles-particularly that of the 'age of darkness' preceding the end of the present world-to social criticism, surpassed only by The Reign of Quantity and the Signs of the Times, his magnum opus. In the present work Guinon ruthlessly exposes the 'Western deviation': its loss of tradition, its exaltation of action over knowledge, its rampant individualism and general social chaos. His response to these conditions was not 'activist', however, but purely intellectual, envisioning the coming together of Western intellectual leaders capable under favorable circumstances of returning the West to its traditional roots, most likely via the Catholic Church, or, under less favorable ones, of at least preserving the 'seeds' of Tradition for the time to come.
The Picture Of Dorian Gray
The picture of Dorian Gray is a novel by Oscar Wilde. This work, as well as many others, is inspired by the legend of Faust. The novel is set in Victorian London of the 19th century, who at the time was filled with a typical bourgeois mentality. It tells of a young man, Dorian Gray, who will make his beauty a rite insane. He begins to realize the privilege of its appeal when his friend, the painter Basil Hallward, gives a portrait that plays in the prime of youth.Lord Henry Wotton will have a decisive role in the life of Dorian, who knows precisely at Hallward: indeed, with his speeches extremely articulate, captures the attention of guy, making it, little by little, almost the embodiment of his way of thinking. In fact, Dorian, after a long talk with Lord Wotton, start watching the youth as something really important, much to feel envious toward his own portrait, eternally beautiful and young. This will bring you to conclude that sort of "Pact with the devil" which will remain eternally young and beautiful, while the picture will show signs of physical decay and moral corruption of the character.
The Plural Actor
The individual that the social sciences take as an object is most often studied in a particular context or from a single dimension. The actor is analysed as a student, worker, consumer, spouse, reader, sportsperson, a voter etc. However, in societies where individuals live often through simultaneously and successively heterogeneous and sometimes contradictory social experiences, each person inevitably carries a plurality of roles, ways of seeing, feeling and acting. The aim of this study is to consider the ways in which this plurality of worlds and experiences are incorporated into the being of each individual and to observe the individual's actions in a variety of settings. In addition to his sociological viewpoint, the author engages with psychology, history, anthropology and philosophy. His reflections lead him to embark on a program of psychological sociology to highlight the complexities of this plural view of the social.
The Savage Mind
Discusses the significance of totemism among primitive peoples and its interpretation by anthropologists and philosophies
Hayek vs Keynes
Few thinkers better encapsulate the two polarities of economic and social thought in the twenty-first century than Friedrich Hayek and John Maynard Keynes. Wrestling with the horrors of world wars, the atrocities of fascist regimes, the hungers of the Great Depression, and the turbulence of political ideologies as they grew evermore pitted against one another, both sought a cure for modernity’s terrible problems and a safeguard against future catastrophes—a task that would leave them with completely different conclusions. In this book, Thomas Hörber offers a clear historical account of the work of these two great figures of modern economic thought. Hoerber looks at the two central works that would alter the course of economic thought: Keynes’s The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money and Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom. Placing them within the context of the devastation that followed World War I, he explains how the historical conditions in which these books were written help us better understand how their lessons can illuminate the economic and political phenomena of our own era, such as the recent financial crisis, globalization, and European integration. He shows how Keynes’s emphasis on government regulation through monetary and fiscal policy and Hayek’s great cautions against the tyrannies that can so easily arise from central planning have led to competing schools of economic thought. Making accessible classic economic theory and employing a qualitative method of economics, he offers an articulated account of how history has led to our current economic environment. With a broad perspective and incisive but clear examinations of important economic theories, this book places the two great economists of the twentieth-century within their historical context, illuminating how much we have learned—and can still learn—from them both.
The fundamental question uniting the contributions to this volume is: what exactly is populism? This is certainly not a new question, as a large amount of literature has focused on this topic for more than half a century. As little conceptual consensus has been reached so far, this book aims to reduce the level of abstraction. To this end, it approaches the populist phenomenon from a broader theoretical and empirical perspective, making reference to its developments on several continents. The book is divided into two parts: the first is theoretical and discusses various perspectives on populism, while the second is empirical and emphasises the diversity of the forms populism has embraced throughout the world. Without aiming to solve old dilemmas, to cover all the existing forms of populism, or to outline unequivocal conclusions, the contributions to this book fulfil a twofold task. On the one hand, they help to clarify theoretically a concept that is difficult to grasp and use. On the other hand, by way of reflecting these difficulties, they present several forms of populism worldwide. Their main purpose is to highlight the differences between the continents. Each of the chapters in the second section successfully accomplishes this, providing an overview that is useful both in analysing populism and in identifying the populist elements in national and international political actions or discourses.
A Brief History of the Future
What will planet Earth be like in twenty years? At mid-century? In the year 2100? Prescient and convincing, this book is a must-read for anyone concerned about the future. Never has the world offered more promise for the future and been more fraught with dangers. Attali anticipates an unraveling of American hegemony as transnational corporations sever the ties linking free enterprise to democracy. World tensions will be primed for horrific warfare for resources and dominance. The ultimate question is: Will we leave our children and grandchildren a world that is not only viable but better, or in this nuclear world bequeath to them a planet that will be a living hell? Either way, he warns, the time to act is now.
La condition postmoderne rapport sur le savoir
Many definitions of postmodernism focus on its nature as the aftermath of the modern industrial age when technology developed. This book extends that analysis to postmodernism by looking at the status of science, technology, and the arts, the significance of technocracy, and the way the flow of information is controlled in the Western world.