La justiciabilit des droits sociaux
En matière de droits de l'homme, le constat peut être fait que la garantie des droits sociaux est bien moins développée que celle des droits civils et politiques, que ce soit au niveau international ou national. Le Conseil de l'Europe n'échappe pas à cette distinction puisque les droits sociaux sont consacrés dans un traité spécifique, la Charte sociale européenne, qui ne bénéficie pas d'un mécanisme de garantie juridictionnel, contrairement aux droits civils et politiques contenus dans la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme. Pourtant, deux observations permettent de déceler une évolution dans la garantie des droits sociaux. D'une part, la création de la procédure de réclamations collectives entraîne une véritable processualisation du système de garantie de la Charte sociale. D'autre part, et en parallèle, certaines décisions et arrêts de la Cour de Strasbourg traduisent une véritable perméabilité de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme, aux droits sociaux. Cette étude met en lumière de manière inédite l'existence d'un mouvement du droit conventionnel européen tendant à accorder une justiciabilité matérielle aux droits sociaux. L'étendue de ce mouvement est appréhendée au travers d'une analyse croisée des jurisprudences de la Cour de Strasbourg et du Comité européen des droits sociaux, l'organe de régulation injustement méconnu de la Charte sociale. Elle permet enfin de remettre définitivement en cause l'idée toujours prégnante d'une injusticiabilité des droits sociaux.
La science et la th orie de l information
Léon Brillouin A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de La science et la th orie de l information Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Jacob Neusner has--in over sixty scholarly works, fourteen textbooks, and thirteen collections of essays--laid the foundation and completed the structure for a new understanding of the history of Judaism. The present volume is the capstone effort to date in this endeavor. Neusner reconstructs and interprets the Mishnah's intellectual history, presenting a picture of the beginnings and first major expression of Judaism. What makes this account distinctively historical, writes Neusner in his Introduction, will be our sustained effort to relate the unfolding of the ideas of the Mishnah to the historical setting of the philosophers of the document, to compare context and concept, to ask about the interplay between idea and social, material reality. Neusner succeeds in this specific task and in the greater task of providing a work with methodological significance for the entire field of the history of religions.
Corpus Iuris Civilis
Reprint of the standard edition of the Corpus Juris Civilis. Originally published: Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1895. 3 vols. 8-1/2" x 11." xxxii, 882; xxx, 513; xvi, 810 pp. Originally published from 1872 to 1895 and sometimes called the Berlin Edition, this is one of the finest examples of German philology and legal scholarship. It is the basis for all modern English translations. Commissioned by the Emperor Justinian in 528 CE, the body of writings known collectively as the Corpus Iuris Civilis reformed, restated and preserved early Roman law. Its subsequent influence on European jurisprudence is difficult to underestimate. Commissioned by the Emperor Justinian in 528 CE, the body of writings known collectively as the Corpus Iuris Civilis reformed, restated and preserved Roman law. It has four components: The Code, the reformed legal system, the Institutes, an elementary textbook about the Code, The Digest, an encyclopedia of legal doctrine by classical-era jurists, The Novels, a compilation of laws and amendments subsequent to the Code. It has been said that the Corpus Iuris Civilis is the second most important book in the history of Western civilization after the Bible. While this statement perhaps suffers from slight hyperbole, the intellectual impact of the Justinianic compilation should not be underestimated. In its original guise, it was an attempt to consolidate an unwieldy legal system. It reduced a mass of materials to a single authoritative collection that could be consulted with ease. Whether it was fit for this purpose is unclear, but in time it came to have a fundamental formative influence on the law of Western Europe (and by extension, elsewhere). When it was rediscovered in twelfth-century Italy, it provided the first coherent body of principles that could be taught in the emerging Italian (and later French) universities. The concepts, rules, and terminology of Roman law laid the foundation for the creation first of the Ius Commune in the period 1100-1400 and thereafter for the creation of the national legal families of Western Europe. Even today, the rules and terms of Justinian s compilation exert great influence on modern law. --Paul du Plesssis, The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History 5:155"
Voyages of Samuel de Champlain Complete
Champlain was descended from an ancestry whose names are not recorded among the renowned families of France. He was the son of Antoine de Champlain, a captain in the marine, and his wife Marguerite LeRoy. They lived in the little village of Brouage, in the ancient province of Saintonge. Of their son Samuel, no contemporaneous record is known to exist indicating either the day or year of his birth. The period at which we find him engaged in active and responsible duties, such as are usually assigned to mature manhood, leads to the conjecture that he was born about the year 1567. Of his youth little is known. The forces that contributed to the formation of his character are mostly to be inferred from the abode of his early years, the occupations of those by whom he was surrounded, and the temper and spirit of the times in which he lived. Brouage is situated in a low, marshy region, on the southern bank of an inlet or arm of the sea, on the southwestern shores of France, opposite to that part of the Island of Oleron where it is separated from the mainland only by a narrow channel. Although this little town can boast a great antiquity, it never at any time had a large population. It is mentioned by local historians as early as the middle of the eleventh century. It was a seigniory of the family of Pons. The village was founded by Jacques de Pons, after whose proper name it was for a time called Jacopolis, but soon resumed its ancient appellation of Brouage. An old chronicler of the sixteenth century informs us that in his time it was a port of great importance, and the theatre of a large foreign commerce. Its harbor, capable of receiving large ships, was excellent, regarded, indeed, as the finest in the kingdom of France. It was a favorite idea of Charles VIII. to have at all times several war-ships in this harbor, ready against any sudden invasion of this part of the coast. At the period of Champlain's boyhood, the village of Brouage had two absorbing interests. First, it had then recently become a military post of importance; and second, it was the centre of a large manufacture of salt. To these two interests, the whole population gave their thoughts, their energy, and their enterprise.
Albert Camus, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, died in a car crash in 1960. He was 46. He left a substantial but unfinished oeuvre of exceptional beauty and power. Writer, journalist, thinker, playwright and producer, Camus was a man of tremendous vitality, a passionate defender of freedom who put his art at the service of human dignity. He fought constantly against oppression and exploitation and set an example that is still worthy today. Using a combination of extracts from his works, photographs and other archive material, some published here for the first time, Camuss daughter Catherine leads us clearly but discreetly through the fascinating life and work of a solitary but universal figure.